Vol. 1, Issue 1 (2016)
Role of higher education in India
Author(s): Ashwani kumar, Dr. Pallvi Pandit, Dr. Pardeep Goel
Abstract: The higher education system in India is complex. The regulators associated with governance are overlapping and entangled across various ministries and regulatory bodies. With a Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) of 18 per cent, India is still below the world average. With relatively stagnant growth of public sector, private sector now accounts for 59 per cent of the total higher education institutions and 65 per cent of the total enrolments in Indian higher education. In spite various innovations measures to address equity objectives, disparity still exists in terms of gender, ethnic groups, and economic criteria and in higher education. Excellence at a few institutes co-exists with mediocrity at many others. The opportunity for social mobility grasped by millions of Indians who obtain a college degree contrasts vividly with the waste of millions who remain excluded from a system in which they cannot afford to participate. And the dynamism presented by the creation of new private institutions throws into relief the stagnant governance structures of Indian public universities. Higher education has grown very rapidly in India over the last 15 years, with the proportion of those by location. Quality and efficiency policy responses and their endeavors have been insufficient accompanied by poor regulations and its subsequent implementation. Multiple regulations and measures have been envisaged by different commissions and committees to enhance the access, quality and equity to face the challenges of opening-up this sector globally.