Vol. 3, Issue 4 (2018)
A comparative study of the effects of computer-based animation program and charts on secondary school students’ understanding of cell division in Obio/Akpor local government area of rivers state
Author(s): Ekwebelem, Augusta Uchenna, Dr. Obafemi DTA
Abstract: This study investigated the effects of Computer-based Animation Program and Charts on secondary school students’ understanding of cell division, a concept in Biology in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State. The study was a quasi-experimental study that adopted pre-test posttest control group design. Three research questions and three hypotheses guided the study. The sample consisted of 160 SS2 Biology students selected from four Senior Secondary Schools purposively but randomly assigned to experimental and control group. Data were obtained through a 30-item multiple choice Biology Performance Test and an attitude questionnaire. The instruments were validated by experts and reliability coefficients of 0.85 and 0.76 were respectively obtained through test-retest method. Mean and Analysis of Covariance were the statistical tools for data analysis. Findings of the study showed that, Computer-Based Animation Program enhanced students’ performance (understanding) more than the use of Charts. No significant difference in performance was found between male and female students taught Cell division with Computer-Based Animation Program. Also students’ attitude towards Biology was found to affect their performances. Those with positive attitude towards Biology performed better than those with negative attitude to Biology. It was therefore recommended among other things, that the use of Computer-Based Animation Program and other forms of Computer Assisted Instruction be incorporated into Senior Secondary School Biology Syllabus.