A study to assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on knowledge, attitude and practice regarding contraceptive methods among mothers in a selected Hospital, Chidambaram taluk
S Bhuvaneswari, Dr. M Gandhimathi
Objectives: 1.To assess the existing knowledge, attitude and practice of mothers regarding contraceptive methods. 2. To assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme regarding contraceptive methods in terms of knowledge and attitude and decision to practice contraceptive methods among mothers.3.To find out the association between pre-test knowledge and selected demographic variables such as age, education, residence, income, occupation, type of family and sources of information. Method: The present study was conducted on a sample of 60 mothers. A pre-experimental design (one group pre-test and post-test design) was used. The pre-test knowledge, attitude and practice was assessed using an interview schedule. Structured teaching programme was conducted by using flash cards. On the 3rd day, the post-test knowledge, attitude and decision to practice contraception was assessed by using the same questionnaire. The structured interview schedule was used to collect the data. Results: All samples (100%) had inadequate knowledge in pre-test. After structured teaching programme, 80% of mothers had moderately adequate knowledge and 20% of mothers had adequate knowledge on contraceptive methods. Regarding attitude majority of mothers (96.6 %) had positive attitude in pre-test and after structured teaching programme, all mothers had positive attitude towards contraceptive methods. Regarding practice, 83.3% of mothers have not practiced any contraceptive methods. Among 10 mothers 60% of mothers used copper ‘T’. Thirty percent of mothers had previous exposure to information regarding contraception methods through their friends. Majority (45%) of mothers have decided to undergo tubectomy. Regarding practice, after STP 30% of mothers have decided to practice IUCD, 18.3% of mothers have decided to use condom, 5% of them have decided to use OCP and 1.6% of mothers have decided to practice coitus interrupts Conclusion: The present study assessed the knowledge, attitude and practice of mothers regarding contraceptive methods and found that the mothers had inadequate knowledge but majority of mothers had positive attitude towards contraceptive methods during pre-test. After structured teaching programme about contraceptive methods, there was significant improvement in knowledge and attitude of mothers regarding contraceptive methods. The study revealed that the structured teaching programme is effective in improving knowledge attitude and decision of mothers to practice contraceptive methods.