The effect of Problem Based Learning (PBL) and expository seen from learning style on the students’ learning outcomes in senior high school level in indonesia: A case study
Toyyibah, Ibut Priono Leksono, Hari Karyono
The purpose of this research is to investigate (1) the influence of PBL model on students’ Mathematics learning outcomes, (2) the influence of students who have different learning styles on Mathematics learning outcomes, and (3) the interraction between learning model and students’ learning style on students’ Mathematics learningoutcomes. This research was conducted in State Senior High School (SMAN) 4 and Senior High School (SMA) Ma'arif Bangkalan, East Java, Indonesia academic year 2017/2018. This research used experimental methodwith 68 students and two way ANOVA analysis utilizing SPSS 17 software.The results of the study indicated that the learning model of PBL (X1) with visual learning style, audiotorial and kinesthetic (X2) simultaneously influenced the students' mathematics learning outcomes in grade XI SMAN4 and SMA Ma'arif academic year 2017/2018 by comparing the calculation result t arithmetic> t table (25,341> 2,92) while level of significance with error level 0,000. The findings of the study were as follows: (1) There was a significant influence of PBL model and expository learning on students’Mathematics learning outcomes in class XI SMAN 4 and SMA Ma'arif Bangkalan by comparing the calculation result t arithmetic> t table (3.289> 2.034) while the level of significance with error rate 0.002; (2) There was a significant effect of students who have vvisual, audiotorial and kinesthetic learning styles on Mathematics learning result in class XI of SMAN 4 and SMA Ma'arif Bangkalan by comparing the calculation of chi-square count> chi square table (11.73> 5.99) while the significance level with error rate of 0.003; (3) There was a significant interaction of learning model and learning style (visual, auditorial, kinesthetic) to the students' Mathematics learning outcomes in grade XI in SMAN 4 and SMA Ma'arif Bangkalan by comparing r table = 0,339 calculation result r count = 0.819 for GBV, 0.665 for GBA, and 0.342 for GBK, while the significance level with error rate = 0.000 for GBV and GBA, 0.041 for GBK.Based on the results of the study, it is suggested that besides the use of of PBL and expository learning, teachers could also adjust students’ learning styles to improve students’ learning outcomes.