The extent of observational learning among primary school pupils in Obio/Akpor local government area of rivers state
Dr. Glory N Amadi, Peace C Ihunwo
The researchers investigated the extent to which primary school pupils in public primary schools in Obio/Akpor local government area acquired social skills and behaviours through observational learning approach. The sample of the study consisted 550 of the pupils drawn through stratified random sampling. Data for the study were generated with researchers’ made instrument tagged: Observational Learning Questionnaire for Children’s Social Skills (OLQCSS). Two research questions and one null hypothesis were formulated for the study. Data were analysed with frequency, mean and t-test statistics. Result showed high extent of learning of social skills by pupils through observation and imitation. The study also revealed no significant gender difference in the extent of learning of social skills through observation and imitation. Recommendations were thus made, that models in our society who have displayed high level integrity should be celebrated and their relevant contributions should find a place in the school curriculum and textbooks; role play, demonstration, simulation and dramatization as teaching methods should be encouraged at the primary school levels; teachers should present themselves as ready models to the children in areas like hand writing, mannerisms and attitudes; parents and older siblings of school children should also show desirable behaviours before children, who are apt in copying what they see adults do.