Vol. 4, Issue 5 (2019)
The Instrumental enrichment program (IEP), a proposal educative intervention in eating habits of overweight and obese children
Author(s): Jesús Carlos Ruvalcaba Ledezma, Juan Carlos Magaña Cabrera, Rosangela Avila Domínguez, Hernández Medina Miriam Selene, Lydia López Pontigo, Josefina Reynoso Vázquez, Luilli López Contreras
Abstract: Obesity represents the greatest health challenge in the 21st century, Mexico ranks second in obesity in adults and it has the first place in childhood obesity. Overweight and obesity in children are one of the most important public health problems in the country. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Survey, 2016 reveal that the combined prevalence of overweight and obesity for the group of schoolchildren boys and girls between 5 and 11 years old is 33.2%; which means than 3 in 10 Mexican children have an overweight problem, conditions that favor the development of a multitude of diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, dyslipidemias and heart disease, which involves risks to the health of their life’s immediate and future. In addition to the high economic cost in health systems, physical inactivity and mainly dietary behaviors are determining factors in the development of excess weight in children. Currently the nutritional intervention programs to stop the problem, have had little promising results so it is important to look for other options. The instrumental enrichment program (IEP) has proven to be a very useful tool as regards the process of assimilation, significance and transfer of information. Therefore, it could be an alternative for the development of programs that modify the eating behavior and healthy habits in the children. The objective of this systematic review was to establish the Instrumental Enrichment Program (PEI), as a proposal for intervention in eating habits of overweight and obese children.