The impact of capitation grant on school management and enrolment: A case of sefwi Akontombra district, Ghana
Abraham Karikari, Ellen Afia Achiaa, Emmanuel Opoku Kumi
This study sought to examine the impact of capitation grant on school management and enrolment in the Sefwi Akontombra District of the Western Region. Specifically, the study sought to find out the effect of capitation grant on the management of schools, examine the impact of capitation grant on schools’ enrolment and to identify factors that affected the implementation of capitation grant in the schools. The study was a survey in which questionnaires were distributed to 60 respondents. Data analyses and interpretation was conducted through frequency tables, percentages and charts. It was revealed from the study that, the capitation grant policy affected the management of the schools. It was also revealed that, the capitation grant policy impacted on the schools’ enrolment because it increased the rate of enrolment in the schools and also led to uneven enrolments among others. Finally, delay in the release of grants; misuse of funds by school heads; increasing workloads on implementers; lack of transparency; and poor booking skills and knowledge in accounting were the factors that affected the capitation grant policy in the selected schools. Based on the findings, the researcher recommended among others that, the capitation grants should be released early to help heads in schools to provide teaching and learning materials for the smooth running of their schools. Also, there is the need for stakeholders in education to play their roles well to ensure judicious use of the grants. Additionally, the policy must be flexible in terms of implementation so that, more staff could be employed to help in the smooth running of the policy. This will reduce the increasing workloads on the implementers.