International Journal of Advanced Education and Research

ISSN: 2455-5746

Vol. 5, Issue 4 (2020)

Impact of COVID 19 Lockdown on health risk behaviour of individuals

Author(s): Preetha P
Abstract: Background: Specialists worldwide have reacted to COVID 19 by actualising travel limitations, lockdowns, work environment risk controls, and office terminations. (1) Securing amidst pandemic likewise remembered boycotts for cigarettes and liquor deals, influencing the utilisation patterns of alcohol and tobacco consumption of the purchasers. (2) Objective: Broad Objective- To study impact of COVID -19 lockdown on health risk behaviours (alcohol consumption and smoking) of individuals. Specific Objective- To study if alcohol consumption and smoking has been more than usual, same as usual or less than usual since the lockdown and analyse it based on characteristics of respondents. To study the reasons behind change in consumption of alcohol and smoking since the lockdown and analyse based on characteristics of respondents. To know if the individuals are expecting to have a change in their consumption habits post lockdown and analyse the association based on characteristics of respondents. Results: A total of 206 responses were received. 50.42% respondents who smoke perceived their smoking pattern to be more than usual,41.18% perceived it as less than usual and 8.40% perceived their smoking pattern to be same as usual during lockdown. On the other hand, 57.78% of the respondents who consume alcohol perceived their drinking pattern to be less than usual, 15.56% perceived it to be more than usual whereas 26.67% of the respondents perceived their drinking pattern to be same as usual during the lockdown. A statistical difference was found in the smoking pattern of respondents with respect to gender (p = 0.031), age- group (p = 0.004), residence (p= 0.000), work- status (p = 0.000) and household (p = 3.86* 10-6). A statistical difference in the alcohol consumption pattern during lockdown was found only with respect to place of residence (p = 0.000) and number of persons in the household (p = 0.02). It was found that 44.88% respondents were willing to reduce their health risk behaviour after lockdown as they faced positive outcomes on their physical and mental health. Conclusion: The study helped in knowing the patterns of consumption design amidst lock down and in tossing experiences regarding the psychological conduct and approach of people towards such health risk hazard practices
Pages: 55-63  |  100 Views  24 Downloads
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