Education is a most important weapon of social progress and development. Higher education emphasized to make skilled leaders in different fields of the society. The main purpose of this paper is to study the evolution of higher education in India. In India, Higher Education had its roots in early time. It is the outcome of a long socio- historical process of evolution. From the early 5th and 7th century A.D. some educational monks have introduced higher education in India. Since independence higher education in our country has spread rapidly. This is because of the visionary planning of the leader’s, educationists and policy-makers of our country.