Educating tribals children in India: Challenges and development
Sambhu Sankar Deep
There is no set definition of Scheduled Tribes but under Article 342 of the constitution, certain classes are declared as Schedule Tribes. The scheduled Tribes’ population in India is 8.6 percent of total population, as per 2011 census. According to 2011 census the literacy rate (58.96 percent) of Scheduled Tribes is very low as compare to the total population. The country has special concern and commitment for the wellbeing of scheduled tribes. Will of the government notwithstanding, population in remote and low-density areas; in general, do not have adequate access to basic amenities and education opportunities. The main vision of the government is educational advancement of Scheduled tribes to bring them to the level of the rest of the community. The basic educational development of scheduled tribes will help development of their economic, cultural, health and nutritional states and reduction of total fertility of scheduled tribes. The process of basic education intervention at the right time and space, keeping in view the ability of the recipients shall be of great help to the population, particularly the scheduled tribes who suffer from educational backwardness. The children need special attention in this regard. For educational development of Scheduled there have been different schemes formulated and implemented from time to time. These schemes are mainly to improve the educational level of Scheduled tribes through pre-matric and post-matric scholarship/stipends, hostels for boys and girls separately, residential/ashram schools in tribal areas, boarding grants, opportunity costs, free supply of books, stationary, uniforms, etc.