Analysis of educational wastage rates in secondary schools in Anambra state
Unachukwo Glad O, Amaonye Chinenye B
In the states of the federation, Anambra inclusive, one major problem confronting secondary education is that children who enrolled in school fail to complete their course successfully after spending some more years more than the prescribed duration, while those who enrolled in school due to some socio-economic reasons had left their studies before completion of their education, a situation which is considered as wastage in education. Wastage constitutes a management problem and drains the limited resources available to education. In view of that, this study was carried out to analyse the educational wastage in secondary schools in Anambra state. The study adopted the descriptive survey research design. The study covered 225 secondary schools comprising public and private secondary schools drawn from the six education zones in the state using stratified and simple random sampling techniques. Three research questions guided the study. Data were collected through the use of a researcher designed inventory proforma titled the Analysis of Wastage Rate in Secondary Schools in Anambra State. The Proforma is divided into which two sections; A and B. Section A contains biodata of the schools while section B contains four items specifying enrolment, promotion, repetition and dropout rates. The instrument was validated by experts who are lecturers in the Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University. A reliability coefficient of 0.833 for the instrument was obtained using Cronbach Alpha for the test of internal consistency. The researcher used ‘on the spot’ method to collect data from the respondents. Data were analyzed using frequency counts, simple percentage scores and bar graphs. The study revealed that there is low rate of wastage in private secondary schools compared to public secondary schools, and that wastage rate was low in all years with SS1 and SS3 having the highest rate in the state, among others. It was found out that Otuocha zone has the highest rate of wastage compared to other zones. Based on the findings, it was recommended that there should be increased funding to education, utilization of facilities in the schools should be improved optimally, among others. Conclusions as well as implications for the study were drawn and suggestions made for further study.
Unachukwo Glad O, Amaonye Chinenye B. Analysis of educational wastage rates in secondary schools in Anambra state. International Journal of Advanced Education and Research, Volume 5, Issue 6, 2020, Pages 03-08