International Journal of Advanced Education and Research

International Journal of Advanced Education and Research


International Journal of Advanced Education and Research
International Journal of Advanced Education and Research
Vol. 6, Issue 6 (2021)

Constraints to effective implementation of basic technology in secondary schools in Awgu education zone of Enugu state


Kelechi Raymond Okoye, Ilo Chibugo Benedicta

The need to strengthen the foundation of technical education for economic growth, wealth creation and poverty eradication stimulated this study. Technical education has been recognized as an education panacea that would usher in the much needed technical aspects of human capital, potentially leading to an age of economic and technological development. Unfortunately, implementation of Basic Technology, which is the foundation has not been effective as demonstrated by the poor performance of students in this subject and low enrolment into Technical Colleges. Thus this study deem it fit to investigate the constraints to effective Basic Technology in Awgu Education Zone of Enugu state. Two research questions guided the study and two hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted a survey research design and was carried out in Awgu Education Zone of Enugu State. The population of the study was 3051 made up of 72 Principals, 96 Basic Technology Teachers and 2883 J. S. S. 3 students of Basic Technology. Systematic sampling was used to select 36 principals, 40 teachers and 360 students for the study. The instrument used was two sets of questionnaire, which were validated by three experts and their reliability coefficients (0.87 & 0.90 respectively) were established using Cronbach Alpha. Data was collected for the study through the administration of validated questionnaire on the respondents. The data relating to research questions were analyzed using arithmetic mean and standard deviation while the arithmetic mean was used to provide answer to the research questions, the standard deviation was employed to determine the spread of opinions of the respondents about the mean values. Further analysis was carried out using analysis of variance for testing hypothesis 1, 2 and 3 while z-Test was used to test hypothesis 4. The findings revealed among others that teachers’ poor quality, motivation and commitment, students’ poor attitude/interest, as well as lack of instructional facilities and funding were hindrances to effective Basic Technology in Awgu Education Zone of Enugu. Therefore, it was recommended among others that teachers’ condition of service should be reviewed and government and non-governmental organizations should join hands in funding and equipping Basic Technology.
Download  |  Pages : 8-14
How to cite this article:
Kelechi Raymond Okoye, Ilo Chibugo Benedicta. Constraints to effective implementation of basic technology in secondary schools in Awgu education zone of Enugu state. International Journal of Advanced Education and Research, Volume 6, Issue 6, 2021, Pages 8-14
International Journal of Advanced Education and Research International Journal of Advanced Education and Research